Presented are specific evidence-based interventions, selected based on their applicability to the mission of the Illinois Center of Excellence for Behavioral Health and Justice. This list is not exhaustive, and the Illinois Center of Excellence for Behavioral Health and Justice does not necessarily endorse the programs and practices described.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses mindfulness and behavioral activation to increase clients’ psychological flexibility—their ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
Cognitive Behavioral Social Skills Training
Cognitive Behavioral Social Skills Training (CBSST) is a program for middle-age and older clients with chronic schizophrenia. The program teaches cognitive and behavioral coping techniques, social functioning skills, problem-solving, and compensatory aids for neurocognitive impairments.
Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) For Law Enforcement
Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) is an innovative first-responder model of police-based crisis intervention with community, health care, advocates and people with mental illness. The CIT Model was first developed in Memphis and has spread throughout the country. CIT provides law enforcement-based crisis intervention training for assisting those individuals with a mental illness and improves the safety of patrol officers, people with mental illness, family members, and citizens within the community.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a cognitive-behavioral treatment approach with two key characteristics: a behavioral, problem-solving focus blended with acceptance-based strategies, and an emphasis on dialectical processes.
Integrated Dual Disorder Treatment (IDDT)
Integrated Dual Disorder Treatment (IDDT) services are tailored to the client and are intended to treat persons with severe mental illness and a co-occurring substance abuse disorder. IDDT has proven especially effective when delivered through the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) model. IDDT is a stage-recovery, rather than expecting immediate conformity to rigid guidelines. Motivational interviewing techniques are used to engage clients into treatment, and the IDDT model takes cues from each person in establishing pace and goals.
Living in Balance
Living in Balance (LIB): Moving From a Life of Addiction to a Life of Recovery is a manual-based, comprehensive addiction treatment program that emphasizes relapse prevention. LIB consists of a series of 1.5- to 2-hour psychoeducational and experiential training sessions.
The Matrix Model is an intensive outpatient treatment approach for stimulant abuse and dependence that was developed through 20 years of experience in real-world treatment settings. The intervention consists of relapse-prevention groups, education groups, social-support groups, individual counseling and urine and breath testing delivered over a 16-week period.
Moral Reconation Therapy
Moral Reconation Therapy (MRT) is a systematic treatment strategy that seeks to decrease recidivism among juvenile and adult criminal offenders by increasing moral reasoning. Its cognitive-behavioral approach combines elements from a variety of psychological traditions to progressively address ego, social, moral, and positive behavioral growth.
Motivational Enhancement Therapy
Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) is an adaptation of motivational interviewing (MI) that includes one or more client feedback sessions in which normative feedback is presented and discussed in an explicitly nonconfrontational manner.
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a goal-directed, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavioral change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. The operational assumption in MI is that ambivalent attitudes or lack of resolve is the primary obstacle to behavioral change, so that the examination and resolution of ambivalence becomes its key goal.
Project ASSERT (Alcohol and Substance Abuse Services, Education, and Referral to Treatment) is a screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment model designed for use in health clinics or emergency departments.
Psychoeducational Multifamily Groups
Psychoeducational Multifamily Groups (PMFG) is a treatment modality designed to help individuals with mental illness attain as rich and full participation in life as possible.
Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT)
Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT) is a behavioral self-control program that teaches individuals with substance addiction how to anticipate and cope with the potential for relapse. RPT can be used as a stand-alone substance use treatment program or as an aftercare program to sustain gains achieved during initial substance use treatment.
Seeking Safety is a present-focused treatment for clients with a history of trauma and substance abuse. The treatment was designed for flexible use: group or individual format, male and female clients, and a variety of settings, including outpatient, inpatient, and residential environments.
Thinking For A Change (T4C)
Thinking for a Change (T4C) is an integrated cognitive behavioral change program authored by Jack Bush, Ph.D., Barry Glick, Ph.D., and Juliana Taymans, Ph.D., under a cooperative agreement with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). T4C incorporates research from cognitive restructuring theory, social skills development, and the learning and use of problem solving skills.
Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP)
Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is a manualized group intervention for persons with mental illness. WRAP guides participants through the process of identifying and understanding their personal wellness resources (“wellness tools”) and then helps them develop an individualized plan to use these resources on a daily basis to manage their mental illness.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for PTSD in Addiction Programs
This model consisting of 8-12 sessions of PTSD therapy adapted for veterans with substance use disorder settings, including cognitive restructuring and breathing retraining.
Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Cocaine Dependence
This 16-session model combines existing treatments for veterans that have shown efficacy for PTSD and substance use disorders, including psycho education on the interrelationship between PTSD and cocaine dependence, and in vivo and imaginal exposure.
Substance Dependence Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Therapy
Also known as Assisted Recovery from Trauma and Substances, this a 5-month, twice weekly, two-phase model focusing first on addiction, then on trauma for veterans. The model combines existing therapies that were already established as effective for PTSD and substance use disorders separately. For example, cognitive behavioral therapy for substance use and stress-inoculation training for PTSD.
This 12-week partial hospitalization model designed for combat veterans with PTSD and a substance use disorder is comprised of 6 weeks of skills development followed by 6 weeks of trauma processing. It combines cognitive behavioral therapy, constructivist, psychodynamic, and 12-step models.