Presented are general resources selected based on their applicability to the mission of the Illinois Center of Excellence for Behavioral Health and Justice. This is not an exhaustive list.
The Illinois Center of Excellence for Behavioral Health and Justice does not necessarily endorse the programs and practices described on the featured websites, or promote the use of related materials. The views, policies, and opinions expressed on the featured websites are those of the organizations maintaining the website and/or the website authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Illinois Center of Excellence for Behavioral Health and Justice.
Addiction Resource was created to help people struggling with substance abuse and to provide support to their loved ones. Our goal is to make helpful and verifiable information available on substance abuse and addiction recovery as well as direct you to the best sources of help, including The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Adult Redeploy Illinois
Adult Redeploy Illinois was established by the Crime Reduction Act (Public Act 96-0761) to provide financial incentives to local jurisdictions for programs that allow diversion of non-violent offenders from state prisons by providing community-based services. Grants are provided to counties, groups of counties, and judicial circuits to increase programming in their areas, in exchange for reducing the number of people they send to the Illinois Department of Corrections.
Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute Library at the University of Washington
The ADAI Library collection represents the spectrum of research and scientific literature on alcohol and other drug use from all relevant disciplines, including medicine, nursing, social work, criminal justice, sociology and psychology. The library is open to UW faculty, staff and students, as well as to college students and substance abuse professionals.
American Society of Addictive Medicine
ASAM, founded in 1954, is a professional society representing over 4,000 physicians, clinicians and associated professionals in the field of addiction medicine. ASAM is dedicated to increasing access and improving the quality of addiction treatment, educating physicians and the public, supporting research and prevention, and promoting the appropriate role of physicians in the care of patients with addiction.
American University Justice Programs Office Adult Drug Court Technical Assistance Project
American University provides technical assistance and training services to adult drug courts under a cooperative agreement with the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). The BJA-funded Adult Drug Court Technical Assistance Project (DCTAP) offers a wide range of free and cost-share services to drug court and other problem-solving court programs that focus on services to substance abusing offenders to promote improved program effectiveness and long term participant success.
Bureau of Justice Assistance National Training & Technical Assistance Center
The goal of the Bureau of Justice Assistance National Training & Technical Assistance Center (BJA NTTAC) web site is to share new information and tools to assist criminal justice professionals in the effort to improve the nation’s state, local, and tribal criminal justice systems. The mission of BJA is to provide policy leadership and assistance that supports criminal justice systems in the effort to achieve safer communities. Established in 2008, the BJA National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) promotes that mission by serving as a major source of justice-related training and technical assistance (TTA) information and resources to improve criminal justice systems nationwide. BJA NTTAC offers specialized assistance to the criminal justice field by providing state, local, and tribal communities with rapid, expert, coordinated, and data-driven training and technical assistance.
One of the features of the BJA NTTAC site is the automated TTA request application, which allows you to easily request assistance online. In order to address the unique needs of each requestor, the TTA services provided through BJA NTTAC covers a broad set of topic areas including adjudication, corrections, community corrections, counter-terrorism, crime prevention, justice information sharing, law enforcement, mental health, pretrial, reentry, and substance abuse.
Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) provides innovative leadership to federal, state, local, and tribal justice systems, by disseminating state-of-the art knowledge and practices across America, and providing grants for the implementation of these crime fighting strategies. Because most of the responsibility for crime control and prevention falls to law enforcement officers in states, cities, and neighborhoods, the federal government can be effective in these areas only to the extent that it can enter into partnerships with these officers. Therefore, OJP does not directly carry out law enforcement and justice activities. Instead, OJP works in partnership with the justice community to identify the most pressing crime-related challenges confronting the justice system and to provide information, training, coordination, and innovative strategies and approaches for addressing these challenges.
The International Campbell Collaboration is a non-profit organization that aims to help people make informed decisions about the effects of interventions in the social, behavioral, and educational arenas. Its objectives are to prepare, maintain, and disseminate systematic reviews of studies of interventions.
Center for Court Innovations
Founded as a public/private partnership between the New York State Unified Court System and the Fund for the City of New York, the Center for Court Innovation helps the justice system aid victims, reduce crime, strengthen neighborhoods, and improve public trust in justice. The Center creates new programs that test innovative approaches to public safety problems. Underlying this work is the idea that, rather than simply processing cases, the justice system should seek to change the behavior of offenders and improve public safety. The Center for Court Innovation provides hands-on, expert assistance to reformers—judges, attorneys, criminal justice officials, and community organizations—around the world. The staff provides guidance on assessing public safety problems and crafting workable, practical solutions. Research, evaluation, and dissemination play an essential role in the Center for Court Innovation’s brand of justice reform. The Center shares its findings in a variety of formats, from academic publications geared to a research audience to how-to manuals for busy frontline justice system professionals to op-eds intended for the general public. While the means of dissemination may vary, the underlying goal is always the same: to use information to improve the fairness and effectiveness of the justice system.
Children and Family Futures
The expansion of Family Drug Courts (FDCs) has created a growing need for training and technical assistance to assist State, local and Tribal jurisdictions to develop and improve the FDC model and approach. For more than 15 years, the Center for Children and Family Futures (CCFF) has offered a comprehensive Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) Program that builds on its extensive, experience to improve outcomes for children and families. The program’s mission is to improve outcomes for children and families by providing TTA that helps States, state and local courts, local government and Tribes to build the capacity to develop, maintain, and enhance FDCs. The TTA program will be integrated and leveraged with the on-going TTA infrastructure of CCFF.
CCFF’s mission for the FDC Technical Assistance program is to improve outcomes for children and families by providing TTA that targets key practice and policy components: developing cross-system collaboration, implementing efficient practice, conducting needs assessments, providing staff training and development, conducting research and evaluation and developing sustainability plans. The FDC program uses a variety of technical assistance and training methods to engage FDC teams from across the country. These include web-based learning communities, on-site expert consultation, off-site consultation and support, policy analysis and focused resource and product development on specific Family Drug Court issues.
CCFF provides hundreds of TTAs each year. There are approximately 325 FDCs currently operating. At present, CCFF has worked as a technical assistance provider for over 400 technical assistance requests made by FDCs across the nation.
Council of State Governments
The Council of State Governments is a nonpartisan organization that brings state leaders together to share capitol ideas, providing them the chance to learn valuable lessons from each other. They also foster innovation in state government and shine a spotlight on examples of how ingenuity and leadership are transforming the way state government serves residents of the states and territories. They believe the states and territories are the vibrant laboratories of democracy and all states can benefit from a robust dialogue among state leaders.
Council of State Governments Justice Center
The Council of State Governments Justice Center is a national nonprofit organization that serves policymakers at the local, state, and federal levels from all branches of government. Staff provide practical, nonpartisan advice and consensus-driven strategies—informed by available evidence—to increase public safety and strengthen communities.
Council of State Governments Learning Center
Developing a Mental Health Court: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum
The Mental Health Court Curriculum is a free online multimedia curriculum for individuals and teams seeking to start, maintain, or just learn more about mental health courts. Developing a Mental Health Court is the first single resource with the information teams need to translate current research and best practices into program design and operation. It includes a series of self-paced presentations and accompanying quizzes, individual and group activities, and access to additional resources that translate the experience of dozens of experts and practitioners into an accessible resource for diverse audiences. Organized into freestanding modules, the curriculum can easily be customized for users’ specific needs and time considerations. Its multimedia content includes interviews with a wide range of experts, including researchers, judges, court coordinators, treatment providers, probation officers, and more. A multi-part video case study with a discussion guide follows a real mental health court team through many common situations faced by teams. The curriculum was developed by the Council of State Governments Justice Center with the support of the Bureau of Justice Assistance in partnership with the National Center for State Courts, SAMHSA’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation, the National Judicial College, and the Center for Court Innovation and with the guidance of a steering committee of national experts.
Grants.gov is the source to FIND and APPLY for federal grants. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is proud to be the managing partner for Grants.gov, an initiative that is having an unparalleled impact on the grant community.
Illinois Administrative Rules for Alcohol and Substance Abuse Providers
Illinois alcohol and substance abuse provider administrative rules.
Illinois Association of Problem- Solving Courts
The mission of the Illinois Association of Problem-Solving Courts is to promote problem-solving courts in Illinois by providing education, assistance, training, and development through collaboration of behavioral health and justice systems.
Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority is a state agency dedicated to improving the administration of criminal justice. The Authority brings together key leaders from the justice system and the public to identify critical issues facing the criminal justice system in Illinois, and to propose and evaluate policies, programs, and legislation that address those issues.
Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority Grant Opportunities Database
The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority is pleased to announce its latest online feature, the ICJIA Grant Opportunities Database. Searchable by eligibility and category, the database includes grant opportunities that have been collected from a variety of sources in the areas of criminal justice and health and human services. Simply select the categories then click on the resulting grant titles for general descriptions, amount of funding available, application deadlines, eligibility, and links to the actual RFPs. The ICJIA Grant Opportunities Database will be updated weekly to assist agencies in search of grant funding. This is one of several projects under way by the Authority to provide technical assistance to agencies in search of grant funding.
Illinois Department of Human Services
The Illinois Department of Human Services provides Illinois’ residents with streamlined access to integrated services, especially those who are striving to move from welfare to work and economic independence, and others who face multiple challenges to self-sufficiency. Its mission is to assist customers to achieve maximum self-sufficiency, independence and health through the provision of seamless, integrated services for individuals, families and communities.
Illinois Supreme Court Commission on Professionalism
The Illinois Supreme Court Commission on Professionalism was established to promote among the lawyers and judges of Illinois principles of integrity, professionalism and civility; to foster commitment to the elimination of bias and divisiveness within the legal and judicial systems; and to ensure that those systems provide equitable, effective and efficient resolution of problems and disputes for the people of Illinois. The Commission is charged by Supreme Court Rule 799 to: Serve as a resource on professionalism for lawyers, judges, court personnel and the public; approve the content of professional responsibility continuing legal education (CLE) and assist providers with the development of quality professional responsibility CLE; collaborate with law schools to highlight professionalism issues within law school orientation and curriculum; and Support courts, bar associations, and others with respect to professionalism programs.
The Justice Programs Office at American University
Additionally, on-site technical assistance and training is available through the Justice Programs Office at American University. The Justice Programs Office provides technical assistance, research, evaluation, and training services to domestic and foreign government agencies and organizations in the area of justice system operations. JPO projects address a wide range of policy, program, resource, and operational issues relating to the administration of justice, coordination of public programs, and the delivery of justice system, social and related services. The office has conducted over 1,500 technical assistance, research, training, and evaluation projects. The office has an extensive list of “Publications” and reports prepared by the JPO.
Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts
The Justice Programs Office (JPO), a center within American University’s School of Public Affairs, is pleased to announce its new website developed for Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts (JDTC) through funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), U.S. Department of Justice. The JDTC Initiative website provides a direct way for programs to request training and technical assistance and information regarding the OJJDP solicitation for the FY 2017 Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Program. The new website includes a variety of resources for JDTC programs and teams. These resources cover topics including substance use disorder, adolescent development, community and school involvement, evidence-based practices, and other pertinent topics to the juvenile justice field. The website also highlights OJJDP’s new JDTC Guidelines, JDTC-specific listserv, events calendar for trainings, webinars, conferences, and solicitation deadlines related to JDTCs, and news section that highlights news stories about the juvenile justice field.
Juvenile Redeploy Illinois
Juvenile Redeploy Illinois is designed to provide services to youth between the ages of 13 and 18 who are at high risk of being committed to the Department of Corrections. A fiscal incentive is provided to counties to provide services to youth within their home communities by building a continuum of care for youth who are in the juvenile justice system. Counties link youth to a wide array of needed services and supports within the home community, as indicated through an individualized needs assessment. Services are provided in the least restrictive manner possible, and can include case management, court advocacy, education assistance, individual/family/group counseling and crisis intervention.
A Mobile App To Support Medication-Assisted Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder
MATx empowers health care practitioners to provide effective, evidence-based care for opioid use disorder. This free mobile app supports practitioners who currently provide medication-assisted treatment, as well as those who plan to do so in the future.
MATx features include:
- Information on treatment approaches and medications approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in the treatment of opioid use disorders and treatment approaches for practitioners
- A buprenorphine prescribing guide, which includes information on the Drug Addiction Treatment Act of 2000 waiver process and patient limits
- Clinical support tools, such as treatment guidelines, ICD-10 coding, continuing education opportunities, and recommendations for working with special populations
Access to critical helplines and SAMHSAs treatment locators.
Mental Health America
Mental Health America (MHA) works to inform, advocate and enable access to quality behavioral health services for all Americans. With nearly a century of experience, MHA has an established record of effective national and grassroots actions that promotes mental health, and addresses mental and substance use issues with compassionate and concrete solutions.
National Alliance on Mental Illness
NAMI, the National Alliance on Mental Illness, is the nation’s largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI advocates for access to services, treatment, supports and research and is steadfast in its commitment to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.
National Alliance on Mental Illness – Illinois
NAMI Illinois is a not-for-profit membership organization created to improve the lives of individuals and families challenged by mental illness. In collaboration with NAMI National, Illinois affiliates and other like-minded organizations, they influence public policies, provide up to date education and support programs, and increase public awareness and understanding of mental illness.
National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD)
NASMHPD serves as the national representative and advocate for state mental health agencies and their directors and supports effective stewardship of state mental health systems. NASMHPD informs its members on current and emerging public policy issues, educates on research findings and best practices, provides consultation and technical assistance, collaborates with key stakeholders, and facilitates state to state sharing.
National Association of Drug Court Professionals
The National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) is a national non-profit 501(c)(3) corporation founded in 1994 by pioneers from the first 12 drug courts in the nation. This group of innovative judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and clinical professionals created a common-sense approach to improving the justice system by using a combination of judicial monitoring and effective treatment to compel drug-using offenders to change their lives. From those visionaries came the drug court movement and ultimately the broader “problem-solving court” principles taught in law schools and utilized in everyday court practice throughout numerous municipal, state, and federal court systems nationwide. With 2,663 drug courts and another 1,219 problem-solving courts, including mental health courts, community courts, reentry courts, DWI courts, in operation across the country, NADCP has forever changed the face of the justice system.
National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare
The National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare (National Council) is the unifying voice of America’s behavioral health organizations. They are committed to providing comprehensive, high-quality care that affords every opportunity for recovery and inclusion in all aspects of community life. The National Council advocates for policies that ensure that people who are ill can access comprehensive healthcare services. They offer state-of-the-science education and practice improvement resources so that services are efficient and effective.
The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
The JDC Information Center provides visitors with a complete breakdown of the Juvenile Drug Courts: Strategies in Practice (16 Strategies) – the recommended model for JDC programs. The Center has multiple tools, resources, and publications on evidence-based practices that JDC professionals can utilize for training purposes, information sharing, fidelity assessment, and strategic planning.
National Drug Court Online Learning System
The Center for Court Innovation has developed a National Drug Court Online Learning System. The Online Learning System is an easy-to-use series of lessons on a wide array of topics relevant to adult drug courts. It offers educational material that can be used by drug court practitioners anywhere, with particular benefit to rural jurisdictions.
National Drug Court Institute
As the premier national resource for drug court practitioners, NADCP established the National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) in 1997. NDCI is the preeminent source for comprehensive training and cutting-edge technical assistance to the entire drug court field. Since its inception, the institute has trained 36,641 drug court professionals in the United States and seven other countries and developed 37 publications, disseminating them to 456,166 professionals worldwide.
National Drug Court Institute Law Updates
The National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) updates cases on constitutional and other legal issues in drug court. The law is updated by the Hon. William G. Meyer (ret.), Senior Judicial Fellow for the NDCI.
NPC Research has research and evaluation projects in over 45 drug treatment courts located in Oregon, California, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, New York, Nevada, Vermont, and Guam. These projects include process, outcome/impact and cost-benefit work in adult, juvenile and family treatment drug courts.
Drug treatment courts typically involve a variety of jurisdictions and agencies and service delivery domains. The resource commitments and outcomes of drug courts span many components of community criminal justice and treatment systems. The NPC Research team understands this complex world and possesses the capability to apply the research methods and analytic approaches needed to fully evaluate it. NPC provides academically rigorous research and evaluation of drug treatment court programs while maintaining a strong commitment to working collaboratively with program staff and other key stakeholders. In addition, we report our findings and present our recommendations in ways that are designed to be used in policy development, program implementation, program management, and service delivery. Resources available include: Reports and publications, Presentations and other materials.
National Reentry Resource Center
The National Reentry Resource Center provides education, training, and technical assistance to states, tribes, territories, local governments, service providers, non-profit organizations, and corrections institutions working on prisoner reentry. The NRRC’s mission is to advance the reentry field through knowledge transfer and dissemination and to promote evidence-based best practices.
National Rural Institute on Alcohol and Drug Abuse
This unique rural alcohol and drug abuse conference provides participants the opportunity to personally interact with other rural alcohol and drug abuse professionals, federal agency representatives and nationally known institute faculty and resource individuals while accessing the latest in evidence-based practices for the improvement of rural services. The Institute includes three drug court tracks (Basic, Advanced, Family and Juvenile) and scholarships may be available for drug court team members.
Police-Mental Health Collaboration Tool Kit
Changes to mental health services in the United States have increasingly brought people with mental illness into contact with both law enforcement and the justice system. As a result, police officers are often the first responders to situations involving persons with mental illness. It’s important, then, that police receive training on mental health and how to appropriately and safely interact with people with mental illness. By engaging in a national dialogue with key stakeholders throughout the law enforcement and mental health fields, BJA has gathered best practices and resources to help officers respond appropriately and safely to people with mental illness. The PMHC Toolkit will serve as the comprehensive, go-to source for information related to these important collaboration efforts.
Policy Research Associates
Policy Research Associates (PRA) is a nationally and internationally recognized leader in technical assistance and research in the behavioral health field. PRA is a small business with the capacity to offer a broad range of services and to administer large-scale projects that inform policy and result in improved outcomes for a variety of communities.
SAMHSA GAINS Center
The SAMSA GAINS Center has a national locus for the collection and dissemination of information about effective mental health and substance abuse services for people with co-occurring disorders in contact with the justice system. Since 1995, the GAINS Center has been operated by Policy Research Associates, Inc. (PRA) in Delmar, New York. The GAINS Center’s primary focus is on expanding access to community based services for adults diagnosed with co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders at all points of contact with the justice system. The center provides technical assistance to the field, as well as technical assistance and support to the following SAMHSA-funded grant programs: Mental Health Transformation Grant, Adult Treatment Court Collaboratives and Jail Diversion Trauma Recovery.
SAMSHA’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Peer Support and Social Inclusion
By sharing their experiences, peers bring hope to people in recovery and promote a sense of belonging within the community.
SAMHSA, National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices
SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) is a voluntary rating and classification system designed to provide the public with reliable information on the scientific basis and practicality of interventions that prevent and/or treat mental and substance use disorders. Descriptive information and quantitative ratings are provided across several key areas for all interventions reviewed by NREPP.
The STAR Center provides Support, Technical Assistance and Resources to assist consumer-operated and consumer-supporter programs in meeting the needs of under-served populations. Specifically, the STAR Center’s focus areas are cultural competence and diversity in the context of mental health recovery and consumer self-help and self-empowerment. In pursuit of this mission they offer a broad array of technical assistance to consumer operated and peer run programs, including technical assistance materials and tools, informative newsletters and listservs, national teleconferences, consumer networking and resource sharing opportunities, and support in the form of mini-grant awards for creative recovery-based activities, and scholarships for Alternatives conferences.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities. Behavioral health is a component of service systems that improves health status and contains health care and other costs to society. Yet, people with mental and substance use disorders, because of their illness, have largely been excluded from the current health care system and rely on public “safety net” programs. Last year alone approximately 20 million people who needed substance abuse treatment did not receive it and an estimated 10.6 million adults reported an unmet need for mental health care. As a result the health and wellness of the individual is jeopardized and the unnecessary costs to society ripple across America’s communities, schools, businesses, prisons & jails, and healthcare delivery systems. SAMHSA provides leadership and devotes its resources – programs, policies, information and data, contracts and grants- toward helping the nation act on the knowledge that behavioral health is essential for health, prevention works, treatment is effective, and people recover from mental and substance use disorders.
SAMHSA Helps Analyze Data in Two Easy Steps
A new tool is available from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA). The tool allows you to create your own tables and graphs using SAMHSA behavioral health data in two steps related to the DWI/Drug Court field.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration – Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT)
CSAT promotes the quality and availability of community-based substance abuse treatment services for individuals and families who need them. CSAT works with States and community-based groups to improve and expand existing substance abuse treatment services under the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant Program. CSAT also supports SAMHSA’s free treatment referral service to link people with the community-based substance abuse services they need.
Treatment Improvement Protocols from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocols (TIPs) are prepared by the Quality Assurance and Evaluation Branch to assemble state-of-the-art protocols and guidelines for the treatment of substance abuse from acknowledged clinical, research, and administrative experts and distribute them among the Nation’s substance abuse treatment resources. The Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series are best-practice guidelines for the treatment of substance abuse. CSAT’s Division of Services Improvement draws on the experience and knowledge of clinical, research, and administrative experts to produce the TIP Series, which are distributed to a growing number of facilities and individuals across the country. Many TIPs are relevant to the work of drug courts including: Treatment Drug Courts: Integrating Substance Abuse Treatment With Legal Case Processing Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series
Tribal Law and Policy Institute
The Tribal Law and Policy Institute is a Native American owned and operated non-profit corporation organized to design and deliver education, research, Training, and technical assistance programs which promote the enhancement of justice in Indian country and the health, well-being, and culture of Native peoples. We are guided by a Board of Directors and an Advisory Board. We utilize an Approach to Training and Technical Assistance which is incorporated into all of our Programs and Services.
The Tribal Law and Policy Institute seeks to facilitate the sharing of resources so that Indian Nations and tribal justice systems have access to cost effective resources which can be adapted to meet the individual needs of their communities. The Institute strives to establish programs which link tribal justice systems with other academic, legal, and judicial resources such as law schools, Indian law clinics, tribal colleges, Native American Studies programs, Indian legal organizations and consultants, tribal legal departments, other tribal courts, and other judicial/legal institutions. Through these collaborative alliances, they are implementing a synergistic approach to the delivery of services to Indian Country – accessing a wealth of talent and resources. The Institute firmly believes that the coming years will see a dramatic change in the traditional mode of the delivery of tribal justice training and technical assistance services. Staff and consultants have developed training through a variety of modes such as interactive CD-ROM and Internet based distant learning programs. The Institute has a distinct focus on Native American Drug Courts/Healing to Wellness Courts.
VERA Institute of Justice
The Vera Institute of Justice combines expertise in research, demonstration projects and technical assistance to help leaders in government and civil society improve the systems people rely on for justice and safety. Informed by government partners’ perspective on their own needs, they conduct detailed analyst of existing data, policies, and practices. In-depth learning about a locality or jurisdiction allows them to tailor recommendations and expert assistance to its specific conditions. They foster collaboration and information-sharing among all those inside and outside government with a stake in solving the problems identified. They then work with their partners to help them gather their own data and track their ongoing performance. They give leaders in government and civil society the tools they need to make justice systems work better for everyone.